What are the two kinds of fitness?

On Fire Fitness & Physical Therapy has one mission: promoting fitness, health and lifestyle changes we all need to stay happy and healthy well into our senior years.

There are two types of physical fitness: health-related and performance-related.


Physical exercise ensures that the human body is in good shape regardless of age.

Health-related physical fitness refers to the fitness factors that contribute to the body’s overall health. It contributes to the body’s physical strength, which is fueled by the muscles, immunization, endurance, the proper functioning of the different organs, and overall health.

You are already aware of the advantages of prioritizing physical exercise. The key is to understand exactly what “fitness” is and how to achieve it.

That’s where the five fitness elements come into play. They serve as a helpful method for planning and implementing your own well-balanced fitness routine and serve as the model for the American College of Sports Medicine’s (ACSM) physical activity guidelines.

The five components of fitness are:

  • Cardiovascular endurance
  • Flexibility
  • Body composition
  • Muscular strength
  • Muscular endurance

Creating a fitness plan that includes all of these components will help you get the most health benefits out of your workout.

Performance-related physical fitness relates to the health factors that influence the ability to perform some activity, such as walking, running, or even sitting.

  • This type of fitness is characterized by the body’s overall coordination, the speed at which it performs any action, the ability to maintain balance when performing the action, the strength and agility with which it is performed, and the time it takes to respond to stimuli.

Skill Related Components of Fitness


Is the power to adjust your body’s location and regulate your whole body’s movement. Many sports need agility because you must change directions quickly and keep your body under control at all times.


Is the ability to maintain a proper posture while standing or moving. Many sports, such as skating, surfing, skiing, and gymnastics, require good balance.


Is the ability to perform at a high level of strength and speed. Power is a combination of strength and pace. Athletes with a lot of strength include football players, swimmers, shot-putters, discus throwers, and high jumpers, to name a few.

Reaction Time

Is the time it takes for your body to begin moving after your senses warn you to do so. People with good reaction times will normally start and finish quickly in sports like track and swimming, as well as respond quickly in sports like ping pong and karate.


This is when the eye, hand, and foot movements are all coordinated. Baseball, softball, tennis, golf, and basketball all need this component to be effective.


Is the capacity to cover a large amount of ground in a limited amount of time. Many sports and activities need a high level of speed. Speed is calculated using short runs.

The six skill-related components of fitness play a role in your ability to engage in sports and activities successfully. Those with a high level of skill-related fitness are more likely to participate in physical activities than those with a lower level of skill. To improve fitness levels, one must first determine their current level of fitness, set goals, and work to improve both their health and skill-related fitness components.

All About On Fire Fitness & Physical Therapy

On Fire Fitness & Physical Therapy has one mission: promoting fitness, health and lifestyle changes we all need to stay happy and healthy well into our senior years. Starting small, focusing on one behavior at a time and support from others can help you achieve your exercise or other health-related goals. Making a lifestyle change can be challenging, especially when you want to transform many things at once. But we know, the hardest step in climbing to the top of a mountain is the first one.

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